There are 120,000 excess deaths per year attributed to ten workplace conditions and they cause approximately $190 billion in incremental health care costs. That makes the workplace the fifth leading cause of death in the U.S. — higher than Alzheimer’s, higher than kidney disease.
- Being unemployed sometimes as a result of a layoff.
- Not having health insurance.
- Working shifts and also working longer periods, e.g., ten or twelve-hours shifts.
- Working long hours in a week (e.g., more than 40 hours per week).
- Job insecurity (resulting from colleagues being laid off or fired).
- Facing family-to-work and work-to-family spillover or conflict.
- Having relatively low control over one’s job e.g., workload.
- Facing high work demands such as pressure to increase productivity and to work quickly.
- Being in a work environment that offers low levels of social support (e.g., not having close relationships with co-workers.
- Working in a setting in which job- and employment-related decisions seem unfair.
Both articles report the findings published by Jeffrey Pfeffer in Dying for a Paycheck: How Modern Management Harms Employee Health and Company Performance—and What We Can Do About It.
I have not read the book yet, but I definitely will.