Ralph Waldo Emerson, Journals, October 1842:
Thou shalt read Homer, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes, Plato, Proclus, Jamblichus, Porphyry, Aristotle, Virgil, Plutarch, Apuleius, Chaucer, Dante, Rabelais, Montaigne, Cervantes, Shakespeare, Jonson, Ford, Chapman, Beaumont and Fletcher, Bacon, Marvell, More, Milton, Molière, Swedenborg, Goethe.
via Laudator Temporis Acti.
There are 120,000 excess deaths per year attributed to ten workplace conditions and they cause approximately $190 billion in incremental health care costs. That makes the workplace the fifth leading cause of death in the U.S. — higher than Alzheimer’s, higher than kidney disease.
- Being unemployed sometimes as a result of a layoff.
- Not having health insurance.
- Working shifts and also working longer periods, e.g., ten or twelve-hours shifts.
- Working long hours in a week (e.g., more than 40 hours per week).
- Job insecurity (resulting from colleagues being laid off or fired).
- Facing family-to-work and work-to-family spillover or conflict.
- Having relatively low control over one’s job e.g., workload.
- Facing high work demands such as pressure to increase productivity and to work quickly.
- Being in a work environment that offers low levels of social support (e.g., not having close relationships with co-workers.
- Working in a setting in which job- and employment-related decisions seem unfair.
Both articles report the findings published by Jeffrey Pfeffer in Dying for a Paycheck: How Modern Management Harms Employee Health and Company Performance—and What We Can Do About It.
I have not read the book yet, but I definitely will.
Says George Orwell:
A scrupulous writer, in every sentence that he writes, will ask himself at least four questions, thus:
- What am I trying to say?
- What words will express it?
- What image or idiom will make it clearer?
- Is this image fresh enough to have an effect?
And he will probably ask himself two more:
- Could I put it more shortly
- Have I said anything that is avoidably ugly?
See also: George Orwell at Encyclopedia Britannica.
These are readings Hemingway recommended to a young person aspiring to be a writer. The whole story here.
Links for the book will take you to Project Gutenberg.
Je lis chez Desbiens (Ainsi donc):
L’abondance des notes, en effet, et la dimension de la bibliographie ne m’impressionnent plus. (…) En outre, je suis gouverné depuis longtemps par l’idée qu’il faut résoudre en soi et pour soi les plus grandes questions.
Cette pensée rejoint celle d’Ortega y Gasset: lire moins et penser davantage (leer menos, pensar más).
Au lecteur qui se demande comment reconnaître si cette résolution est faite et est sienne, je propose ceci: demande-toi si tu peux donner raison de tes plus profondes convictions.